Advance in diagnosis and treatment of hepatopulmonary syndrome

Update:Dec. 24, 2021Total Views:1002Total Downloads:1268 DownloadMobile

Author: Kai ZHAO De-An TIAN

Affiliation: Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China

Keywords: Hepatopulmonary syndrome Intrapulmonary vascular dilatations Diagnosis Treatment


Reference:Zhao K, Tian DA. Advance in diagnosis and treatment of hepatopulmonary syndrome[J]. Yixue Xinzhi Zazhi, 2021, 31(6): 472-477. DOI: 10.12173/j.issn.1004-5511.202106002.[Article in Chinese]

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Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a common pulmonary complication of advanced liver disease. The disturbance of pulmonary ventilation/blood perfusion due to intrapulmonary vascular dilatations on the basis of acute/chronic liver disease or portal hypertension leads to dyspnea and hypoxemia. The early diagnosis rate of HPS is low, and the treatment is limited, which seriously affects the survival rate and quality of life of patients. In this article, we summary  pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment progress of HPS, in order to improve the clinical understanding and diagnosis level of HPS.

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